21 w Other(1970) | No cancer,

How can ZenOnco.io help?
Nourish yourself:
The key to prevent and fight the growth of cancer in your body is to nourish it with nutritious foods that can fight them off and inhibit their growth. Be sure to have a balanced diet and take supplements whenever necessary.

Stay fit yourself:
Being fit is another key factor in fighting off cancer. A healthy lifestyle includes not only a good diet but also exercise and physical activity. Being active is also vital to have a fast and easy recovery, and to live a longer and healthier life.

Keep calm:
Fear and worry have never cured any disease, and so we need to stay calm in the phase of cancer. Know that when cancer is detected early and treated with the right treatment, cancer is very much manageable. By keeping yourself fit and healthy, recovery also becomes less of a hassle. In any case, know that cancer research, diagnosis, and treatment methods are progressing every day, and the chances of survival are much higher with each passing year. There is hope.

Cancer-proof your home:
Prevention is better than cure, and so be sure to keep your family and your home away from cancer by adopting healthy lifestyle choices as early as possible. Make efforts to quit on bad habits like smoking and drinking Alcohol which are major risk factors associated with head and neck cancers. Stop using products and food items that contain harmful chemicals and known carcinogens. Read and do more research into the various ingredients and chemicals that go into the foods and products we use every day.

Get community support:
In difficult times, finding a community that you can relate to and that understands you is vital to get you through the drawn-out process of Head and Neck Cancer treatment and recovery. The relief and support they provide are invaluable. ZenOnco.io puts Head and Neck Cancer patients in touch with these communities so that they can share and learn about each other's experiences and offer support. Visit ZenOnco.io and get connected to our support community and learn more about our wellness programs. Let us help you win over this battle against cancer.
https://zenonco.io/types-of-ca....ncer/head-and-neck-c

Types of cancer
zenonco.io

Types of cancer

Get a complete brief of head and neck cancer, including the types, causes, risk factors, treatment methods, life in remission, and diagnosis and prevention methods.
21 w Other(1970) | No cancer,

What are the Stages of head and neck cancer?
The various types of head and neck cancers discussed in the earlier sections can be divided into five stages according to the extent and intensity of cancer. The type of treatment administered depends on the stage of Head and Neck Cancer that the patient is in. These Head and Neck Cancer stages, along with possible treatments for them are explained below.

Stage 0:
At this stage, abnormal cells are found in the lining of the nasopharynx, larynx, hypopharynx, salivary ducts, lips, and oral cavity or that of the mucous membranes depending on the specific type of cancer. Stage 0 is also called carcinoma in situ. The treatment is usually Surgery to remove the tumorous cells. Possible side effects of Surgery may include permanent change of voice, difficulty chewing or swallowing, difficulty breathing, and disfigurement of the part that has been removed. The 5 year relative survival rate is 92% in such cases.

Stage 1:
Cancer gets progressed into the primary organ such as the nasopharynx, the larynx, the hypopharynx, the lip, nasal cavity, sinus, or the salivary gland and is generally larger than 2 cm. For stage 1 tumors, Surgery is followed by Radiation therapy. Possible side effects of Radiation therapy may include loss of appetite, speech impairment, hypothyroidism, fatigue, nausea, and sore mouth or throat. The 5-year survival rate is between 77 and 99.9 percent.

Stage 2:
The tumor is between 2 and 4 cm large and progress further in this stage, into one or more lymph nodes near the primary organ such as the throat, epiglottis, neck, vocal cords, tongue, soft tissues around the salivary glands, jawbones, skull or the roof of the mouth on the same side as the primary tumor. To deal with stage 2 head and neck cancers, first, the patient must undergo surgery, followed by radiation therapy, and, in some cases, Chemotherapy is also needed. Possible side effects of Chemotherapy include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and infection. The survival rate is around 65 percent in such cases.

Stage 3:
More lymph nodes are affected including the ones on the opposite side of the primary organs and cancer has spread to more organs such as the bottom skull, neck, nearby muscles, larynx, the roof of the mouth, parts of the tongue, tissues under the skin, nearby jawbones, ear canal, and the trachea, depending on the primary type of Head and Neck Cancer. The tumor is generally larger than 4 cm. The prescribed treatment is usually a combination of surgery, radiation, and Chemotherapy. The survival rate of Stage 3 treatment is around 25 percent.

Stage 4:
The tumor has now spread further into the body affecting organs that are far from the primary organ. The 5 year Relative survival rate may be around 52 percent. Stage 4 cancer can be further classified into stage 4A, stage 4B, and stage 4C. They are explained below.
https://zenonco.io/types-of-ca....ncer/head-and-neck-c

Types of cancer
zenonco.io

Types of cancer

Get a complete brief of head and neck cancer, including the types, causes, risk factors, treatment methods, life in remission, and diagnosis and prevention methods.
21 w Other(1970) | No cancer,

What is the treatment for various Stages of Head and Neck Cancer?
There are several methods available in modern medicine for the treatment of Head and Neck Cancer. Usually, two or more of these are done in progression to ensure that the tumor cells are completely destroyed. The time the treatments take, the dosages of drugs and radiation vary from patient to patient; based on the stages of head and neck cancer, the tumor has progressed to. The major treatments for Head and Neck Cancer and their possible side effects are explained below.

Surgery: The tissues that contain the tumor are removed surgically along with some of the healthy surrounding tissues to stop the growth of the tumor any further. Surgery may not be enough to remove the tumor completely, in which case it is followed by Radiation therapy and Chemotherapy.
Radiation therapy: This is a technique in which X-rays or other high energy electromagnetic radiations are irradiated on to the affected area to destroy the tumor. In some cases, radiosensitizers, which are drugs that can make cancerous cells more sensitive to radiation, are also used to make the killing of tumors more effective.
Chemotherapy: This method uses powerful drugs to destroy and inhibit the growth of cancer cells by keeping them from dividing further. These drugs may be injected into the bloodstream through a vein or muscle, which can then go to the cancerous part to destroy those cells. This is called systemic Chemotherapy. Alternatively, the drugs may be administered directly on to the affected area, and this process is called regional Chemotherapy. The extent of the side effects depend on the dosage used as well as on the individual.
Immunotherapy: This is a relatively new treatment method in which the patient's own immune system is used and boosted to fight against cancer. Proteins produced by the human body (which can also be synthesized in the laboratory) that act as inhibitors to cancerous growths are used to direct and activate the body's natural defense mechanisms against cancer.
https://zenonco.io/types-of-ca....ncer/head-and-neck-c

Types of cancer
zenonco.io

Types of cancer

Get a complete brief of head and neck cancer, including the types, causes, risk factors, treatment methods, life in remission, and diagnosis and prevention methods.
21 w Other(1970) | No cancer,

How is Diagnosis of Head and Neck Cancer done?
There are different methods of Head and Neck Cancer diagnosis. They are elaborated below.

Physical examination: A physical exam of the relevant body part such as the lips, throat, nasal cavity, inside of the mouth, etc. can be done to check for any lumps, discolorations, or abnormal appearance.
Biopsy: A procedure in which a group of cells or tissues are removed from the body part that is suspected of being cancerous to check and examine under the microscope by a pathologist.
Laryngoscopy: In this procedure, the doctor checks the larynx or voice box with a probe called the laryngoscope. It can also be used to extract cells from the vocal cords for analysis. This technique is primarily used in the diagnosis of laryngeal cancer and oropharyngeal cancer.
Nasoscopy: In this procedure, the doctor checks the inside of the nose for abnormalities or lumps that may be cancerous using a probe called the nasoscope. It can also be used to extract cells from the nose.
Upper endoscopy: Endoscopy is typically used to examine the stomach, but in this case, the probe, which is called an endoscope, is inserted into the nose or mouth and used to examine the nose, throat, and esophagus and in some cases the duodenum. It is used to detect nasopharyngeal cancer, laryngeal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer, and salivary gland cancer.
Bronchoscopy: It probes the trachea and the bigger airways of the lung for anomalies using a bronchoscope (a thin, lighted tube) by inserting it through the nose or mouth into the lungs.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan: It uses an electromagnet, radio waves, and computational techniques to image the body internally and is a highly useful method in detecting cancer. This method is used in diagnosing almost all the different types of head and neck cancers.
CT scan (or CAT scan): Computerised tomography, computed tomography, or computerized axial tomography is used in creating a detailed image of the body's internal organs by using x-rays. It is used prominently in Head and Neck Cancer diagnosis in almost all its various subtypes.
Positron emission tomography (PET) scan: It uses a small quantity of radioactive glucose which is injected into the body. The cancerous cells can be detected using the PET scanner, which rotates the body and images the parts where glucose is present since malignant cells show brighter on the image due to its higher absorption of energy. The method is used in detecting nasopharyngeal cancer, laryngeal cancer, hypopharyngeal cancer, and lip and oral cavity cancer.
PET-CT scan: The images obtained from the CT scan and the PET scan can be combined to get a more detailed picture of the area in question to make a more accurate diagnosis and prescribe the best treatment. This is used in the diagnosis of laryngeal cancer.

21 w Other(1970) | No cancer,

How to prevent Head and Neck Cancer
The best way to prevent head and neck cancers is to avoid lifestyle choices that increase the risk of getting these cancers. A healthy lifestyle, free from Alcohol and nicotine, will ultimately lead to a disease-free and peaceful life. For those who are exposed to risk factors by way of occupational hazards, awareness is the key. Be aware of all the early signs and symptoms of the head and neck cancers and conduct physical examinations regularly. Check the inner portions of the mouth, tongue, gums, ears, nasal cavity, sinus and throat for any lumps or discolorations. If you notice any lumps or soreness or Pain in any of the above areas, especially if you have a family history with the head and neck cancers, go to the doctor or a specialist immediately. The earlier the cancer is detected, the easier it is to treat it, the more effective the treatment and higher the chances of recovery it would be.
https://zenonco.io/types-of-ca....ncer/head-and-neck-c

Types of cancer
zenonco.io

Types of cancer

Get a complete brief of head and neck cancer, including the types, causes, risk factors, treatment methods, life in remission, and diagnosis and prevention methods.
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